A.R.P Womens Voluntary Services
Product Code: ARPW
Units in Stock: 1
A.R.P Womens Voluntary Services badge. Maker marked H.B Sale Birmingham. Great Condition.
Air Raid Precautions (ARP):
After the air raids on Britain during the First World War, the government feared that air raids by German bomber aircraft would threaten people in the UK again. The ARP was set up to organise public air raid shelters and made sure people kept to the Blackout precautions.
German bombers could use any light sources to navigate, people had to use 'blackout on their windows - putting up thick curtains or painting the windows black. Street lights were extinguished and even bicycle lights were not allowed, so many people had accidents in the dark.
The ARP also helped rescue people after air raids. Some women became ARP ambulance attendants - giving first aid to casualties, searching for survivors and recovering bodies. The two photographs on the right of this page show women performing some of their duties as ARP wardens.
The Womens Voluntary Service:
The Womens Voluntary Service was formed as the womens side of the ARP. They had no uniform and were all volunteers. In the first few weeks after war broke out in September 1939, WVS volunteers sprang into action to assist with the mass evacuation of schoolchildren all over the country, making sure that children found foster parents and checking that they were well cared for.
They made bandages and knitted and sewed clothing, like scarves, vests and pyjamas for soldiers; salvaged objects that could be recycled; ran mobile canteen services during air raids and for troops arriving at ports and railway stations. But the WVS was particularly appreciated during the Blitz on London, as they cared for people whose homes were bombed and found them clothing. However, their work was not without risks and 241 of WVS members were killed.